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12 Kālīs of the Krama school of Kashmir

topic posted Fri, January 25, 2008 - 11:20 AM by  Saul
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सृसटिकाली ॥१॥

(i) Sŗsţi Kālī

the conception of creative power in relation to the object

रकतकाली ॥२॥

(ii) Rakta Kālī

the conception of the power of maintenance of the objective world through the five senses

स्थितिनाशकाली ॥३॥

(iii) Sthitināśa Kālī

the power of संहार sanghāra or withdrawal of the objective world

यमकाली ॥४॥

(iv) Yama Kālī

the अनाख्या anākhyā or indefinable power in relation to objective experience

संहारकाली ॥५॥

(v) Sanghāra Kālī

in the stage of संहारकाली Sanghāra Kālī, the experience is, "The object is non-different from me"

मृत्युकाली ॥६॥

(vi) Mŗtyukālī

She swallows up even residual traces of the idea of the withdrawal of the objective world

भद्रकाली ॥७॥

(vii) Bhadrakālī

afflorescence of different objects and the dissolving of those different forms again in Her essential Nature

मार्तण्डकाली ॥८॥

(viii) MārtaņDakālī

dissolution of the 12 senses in the अहंकार ahangkāra to such an extent that they become unnameable

परमार्ककाली ॥९॥

(ix) Paramārkakālī

the emergence of the limited subject by merging अहंकार ahangkāra in Her creative power

कालाग्निरुद्रकाली ॥१०॥

(x) Kālāgnirudrakālī

She makes the limited self rest in the Universal Self; महाकाली Mahākālī, She holds within Herself everything including Time

महाकालकाली ॥११॥

(xi) Mahākālakālī

the dissolution of the "I" which is posited in opposition to this in the "Perfect I" which is free from all relation to objectivity; withdrawal in relation to the limited subject

महाभैरवघोरचण्डकाली ॥१२॥

(xii) MahābhairavaghoracaņDakālī

the subject, the object, the means of knowledge and knowledge are all dissolved into I-conciousness.

मन्थानभैरव ॥

Manthāna Bhairava is the ultimate resting place of all.

- from Jaideva Singh's notes on the Spanda-Kārikās
posted by:
Saul
SF Bay Area
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  • Re: 12 Kālīs of the Krama school of Kashmir

    Fri, January 25, 2008 - 1:56 PM
    truly enlightening ;)

    Jai Ma!
    • Re: 12 Kālīs of the Krama school of Kashmir

      Fri, January 25, 2008 - 2:05 PM
      Jai Ma!

      I think it's interesting to look at different schools' interpretations of Kali.

      I wish Mac would get with the program via Unicode tho, I'm on OSX here at work on Firefox and still can't see those Unicode devanagari characters, whereas I can see them fine on Internet Exploder and Firefox on my Windows machines, even without enabling Indic scripts (I tested it on two different machines, one of which didn't have Indic scripts enabled). makes it a pain, as I'd much rather communicate with everybody via devanagari script.
      • Re: 12 Kālīs of the Krama school of Kashmir

        Fri, January 25, 2008 - 2:43 PM
        "Krama

        The term 'krama' means 'progression','gradation' or 'succession' respectively meaning 'spiritual progression'[34] or 'gradual refinement of the mental processes'(vikalpa)[35], or 'successive unfoldment taking place at the ultimate level', in the Supreme Consciousness (cit)[36].

        Even if the Krama school is an integral part of Kashmir Shaivism, it is also an independent system both philosophically and historically.[37] Krama is significant as a synthesis of Tantra and Śākta traditions based on the monistic Śaivism[38]. As a Tantric and Śakti-oriented system[39] of a mystical flavor[40], Krama is similar in some regards to Spanda as both center on the activity of Śakti, and also similar with Kula in their Tantric approach. Inside the family of Kashmir Shaivism, the Pratyabhijñā school is most different form Krama.[41]

        The most distinctive feature of Krama is its monistic-dualistic (bhedābhedopāya) discipline in the stages precursory to spiritual realization[42]. Even if Kashmir Shaivism is an idealistic monism, there is still a place for dualistic aspects as precursory stages on the spiritual path. So it is said that in practice Krama employs the dualistic-cum-nondualistic methods, yet in the underlying philosophy it remains nondualistic[43]. Krama has a positive epistemic bias[44], aimed at forming a synthesis of enjoyment(bhoga) and illumination(mokṣa)."

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